1000 Miglia 2018

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The Mille Miglia 2018 was held 16-19 May over 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of Italy’s most beautiful regions. Now in its 36th year, the retrospective of the Mille Miglia saw a great field of 450 historical automobiles commemorate the legendary endurance road race.

From 1927 to 1957, the Mille Miglia was one of the world’s great road races, and the combination of scenery and history associated with it have made the modern iteration a highlight of the vintage car racing season. Since 1977, the event has been held as a regularity rally for historic automobiles.

This year’s 1000 Miglia was again held in four stages over as many days but there was an important innovation in 2018, as the race started a day earlier, on Wednesday 16 May and returned to Viale Venezia on Saturday afternoon, 19 May.

Keeping with tradition, the Mille Miglia 2018 started and ended in Brescia, having crossed some of the most striking locations in Italy, with the turning point in Rome. Taking note of the huge appreciation of both the crews and spectators, the Mille Miglia returned to run some trials inside the Autodromo Nazionale di Monza before proceeding through Bergamo and Franciacorta. Another unique aspect of the 2018 edition was passage to Lucca and Versilia. After the restoration of the ancient road, the Mille Miglia was finally be able to travel through a section of the route of the 1949 edition, between Sarzana and Passo della Cisa.

The Mille Miglia Storica featured 450 vintage cars from 73 different manufacturers, with 101 of the cars returning to Brescia, after having already taken part in one of the original editions between 1927 and 1957. The most represented automaker was Fiat with 49 cars, followed by Alfa Romeo with 48, Jaguar with 35 and Mercedes-Benz with 33 cars. Among many highlights was the Alfa Romeo 8C B 2900 P3 that won the Monaco Grand Prix in 1934, the 1000 Miglia with Pintacuda-Della Stufa in 1935 and was fourth at the Mille Miglia with Clemente Biondetti at the wheel in 1936.

The team of Juan Tonconogy and Barbara Ruffini are the overall champions of the 1000 Miglia 2018. The Argentine crew, number 85, on board the Alfa Romeo 6C 1500 GS Testa Fissa of 1933, out-shined every other competitor with an active score of 74,108 points. It’s the third overall victory in the “traveling museum” for the couple Tonconogy-Ruffin, after wins in 2013 and 2015.

In second place are Giovanni Moceri and Daniele Bonetti on the Alfa Romeo 6C 1500 SS of 1928 with 73,714 points, followed by the 2016 and 2017 champions of Brescia Andrea Vesco and Andrea Guerini, on board the 1929 Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 Zagato with 73,327 points.

Back to the start of the historic race..

The Mille Miglia (Thousand Miles) was an open-road endurance race which took place in Italy twenty-four times from 1927 to 1957 (thirteen before the war, eleven from 1947).

Like the older Targa Florio and later the Carrera Panamericana, the MM made grand tourers like Alfa RomeoBMWFerrari

MaseratiMercedes Benz and Porsche famous.

The race brought out an estimated five million spectators.

From 1953 until 1957, the Mille Miglia was also a round of the World Sports Car Championship.

Since 1977, the "Mille Miglia" has been reborn as a regularity race for classic and vintage cars. Participation is limited to cars, produced no later than 1957, which had attended (or were registered) to the original race. The route (Brescia-Rome round trip) is similar to that of the original race, maintaining the point of departure / arrival in Viale Venezia in Brescia.

Car numbering

Unlike modern day rallying, where cars are released at one-minute intervals with larger professional-class cars going before slower cars, in the Mille Miglia the smaller, slower displacement cars started first. This made organisation simpler as marshals did not have to be on duty for as long a period and it minimised the period that roads had to be closed. From 1949, cars were assigned numbers according to their start time. For example, the 1955 Moss/Jenkinson car, #722, left Brescia at 07:22 (see below), while the first cars had started at 21:00 the previous day. In the early days of the race, even winners needed 16 hours or more, so most competitors had to start before midnight and arrived after dusk - if at all.

Before World War II

The race was established by the young Counts Aymo Maggi and Franco Mazzotti, sports manager Renzo Castagneto and motoring journalist Giovanni Canestrini, apparently in response to the Italian Grand Prix being moved from their home town of Brescia to Monza. Together with a group of wealthy associates, they chose a race from Brescia to Rome and back, a figure-eight shaped course of roughly 1500 km — or a thousand Roman miles. Later races followed twelve other routes of varying total lengths.

The first race started on 26 March 1927 with seventy-seven starters — all Italian — of which fifty-one had reached the finishing post at Brescia by the end of the race. The first Mille Miglia covered 1,618 km, corresponding to just over 1,005 modern miles. Entry was strictly restricted to unmodified production cars, and the entrance fee was set at a nominal 1 lira. The winner, Giuseppe Morandi, completed the course in just under 21 hours 5 minutes, averaging nearly 78 km/h (48 mph) in his 2-litre OM Brescia based OM swept the top three places.

Tazio Nuvolari won the 1930 Mille Miglia in an Alfa Romeo 6C. Having started after his teammate and rival Achille Varzi, Nuvolari was leading the race, but was still behind Varzi (holder of provisional second position) on the road. In the dim half-light of early dawn, Nuvolari tailed Varzi with his headlights off, thereby not being visible in the latter's rear-view mirrors. He then overtook Varzi on the straight roads approaching the finish at Brescia, by pulling alongside and flicking his headlights on.

The event was usually dominated by local Italian drivers and marques, but three races were won by foreign cars. The first one was in 1931, when German driver Rudolf Caracciola (famous in Grand Prix racing) and riding mechanic Wilhelm Sebastian won with their big supercharged Mercedes-Benz SSKL, averaging for the first time more than 100 km/h (63 mph) in a Mille Miglia. Caracciola had received very little support from the factory due to the economic crisis at that time. He did not have enough mechanics to man all necessary service points. After performing a pit stop, they had to hurry across Italy, cutting the triangle-shaped course short in order to arrive in time before the race car.

The race was briefly stopped by Italian leader Benito Mussolini after an accident in 1938 killed a number of spectators. When it resumed in 1940 during wartime, it was dubbed the Grand Prix of Brescia, and held on a 100 km (62 mi) short course in the plains of northern Italy that was lapped nine times.

This event saw the debut of the first Enzo Ferrari-owned marque AAC (Auto Avio Costruzioni) (with the Tipo 815). Despite being populated (due to the circumstances even more than usual) mainly by Italian makers, it was the aerodynamically improved BMW 328 driven by Germans Huschke von Hanstein/Walter Bäumer that won the high-speed race with an all-time high average of 166 km/h (103 mph).

After World War II

The Italians continued to dominate their race after the war, now again on a single big lap through Italy. Mercedes made another good effort in 1952 with the underpowered Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing, scoring second with the German crew Karl Kling/Hans Klenk that later in the year would win the Carrera Panamericana. Caracciola, in a comeback attempt, was fourth.

Few other non-Italians managed podium finishes in the 1950s, among them Juan Manuel FangioPeter Collins and Wolfgang von Trips. In 1955, Mercedes made another attempt at winning the MM, this time with careful preparation and a more powerful car, the Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR which was based on the Formula One car (Mercedes-Benz W196), entirely different from their sports cars carrying the 300 SL name.

Both young German Hans Herrmann (who had a remarkable previous efforts with Porsche) and Briton Stirling Moss relied on the support of navigators while Juan Manuel Fangio (car #658) preferred to drive alone as usual, as he considered road races dangerous since his co-pilot was killed in South America. Karl Kling also drove alone, in the fourth Mercedes, #701.

Similar to his teammates, Moss and his navigator, motor race journalist Denis Jenkinson, ran a total of six reconnaissance laps beforehand, enabling "Jenks" to make course notes (pace notes) on a scroll of paper 18 ft (540 cm) long that he read from and gave directions to Moss during the race by a coded system of 15 hand signals. Although this undoubtedly helped them, Moss's innate ability was clearly the predominant factor. Moss was competing against drivers with a large amount of local knowledge of the route, so the reconnaissance laps were considered an equaliser, rather than an advantage.

Car #704 with Hans Herrmann and Hermann Eger was said to be fastest in the early s

tages, though. Herrmann already had a remarkable race in 1954, when the gate on a railroad crossing were lowered in the last moment before the fast train to Rome passed. Driving a very low Porsche 550 Spyder, Herrmann decided it was too late for a brake attempt anyway, knocked on the back of the helmet of his navigator Herbert Linge to make him duck, and they barely passed below the gates and before the train, to the surprise of the spectators. Herrmann was less lucky in 1955, having to abandon the race after a brake failure. Kling crashed also.

After 10 hours, 7 minutes and 48 seconds, Moss/Jenkinson arrived in Brescia in their Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR with the now famous #722, setting the event record at an average of 157.650 km/h (97.96 mph) which was fastest ever on this 1,597 km (992 mi) variant of the course, not to be beaten in the remaining two years. Fangio arrived a few minutes later in the #658 car, but having started 24 min earlier, it actually took him about 30 minutes longer, having engine problems at Pescara, through Rome and by the time Fangio reached Florence, a fuel injection pipe had broken and he was running on 7 cylinders.

The end

The race was banned after two fatal crashes in 1957. The first was the crash of a 4.2-litre Ferrari 335 S that took the lives of the Spanish driver Alfonso de Portago, his co-driver/navigator Edmund Nelson, and nine spectators, at the village of Guidizzolo. Five of the spectators killed were children, all of whom were standing along the race course. Portago desperately wanted to win this race and waited too long to make a tyre change. The crash was caused by a worn tyre. The manufacturer was sued for this, as was the Ferrari team.

The second car crash, in Brescia, took the life of Joseph Göttgens. He was driving a Triumph TR3.

From 1958 to 1961, the event resumed as a rallying-like round trip at legal speeds with a few special stages driven at full speed, but this was discontinued also.

Since 1977, the name was revived as the Mille Miglia Storica, a parade for pre-1957 cars that takes several days, which also spawned the 2007 documentary film Mille Miglia - The Spirit of a Legend.

From 1927 to 1957, the race took the lives of a total of 56 people.

Mille Miglia winners

Year-Drivers-Car

1927 Ferdinando Minoia/Giuseppe Morandi OM 665 S

1928 Giuseppe Campari/Giulio Ramponi Alfa Romeo 6C 1500 Super Sport Spider Zagato

1929 Giuseppe Campari/Giulio Ramponi Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 Super Sport Spider Zagato

1930 Tazio Nuvolari/Battista Guidotti Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 Gran Sport Spider Zagato

1931 Rudolf Caracciola/Wilhelm Sebastian Mercedes-Benz SSKL

1932 Baconin Borzacchini/Amedeo Bignami Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Spider Touring

1933 Tazio Nuvolari/Decimo Compagnoni Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Spider Zagato

1934 Achille Varzi/Amedeo Bignami Alfa Romeo 8C 2600 Monza Spider Brianza

1935 Carlo Maria Pintacuda/Alessandro Della Stufa Alfa Romeo Tipo B

1936 Antonio Brivio/Carlo Ongaro Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 A

1937 Carlo Maria Pintacuda/Paride Mambelli Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 A

1938 Clemente Biondetti/Aldo Stefani Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 B Spider MM Touring

1939 no race held

1940 Huschke von Hanstein/Walter Baumer BMW 328 Berlinetta Touring

1941/46 no races held

1947 Clemente Biondetti/Emilio Romano Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 B Berlinetta Touring

1948 Clemente Biondetti/Giuseppe Navone Ferrari 166 S Coupé Allemano

1949 Clemente Biondetti/Ettore Salani Ferrari 166 MM Barchetta Touring

1950 Giannino Marzotto/Marco Crosara Ferrari 195 S Berlinetta Touring

1951 Luigi Villoresi/Pasquale Cassani Ferrari 340 America Berlinetta Vignale

1952 Giovanni Bracco/Alfonso Rolfo Ferrari 250 S Berlinetta Vignale

1953 Giannino Marzotto/Marco Crosara Ferrari 340 MM Spider Vignale

1954 Alberto Ascari Lancia D24 Spider

1955 Stirling Moss/Denis Jenkinson Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR

1956 Eugenio Castellotti Ferrari 290 MM Spider Scaglietti

1957 Piero Taruffi Ferrari 315 S

1st 1000 Miglia winners Ferdinando Minoia & Giuseppe Morandi with #14. OM 665 S

1000 Miglia most successful driver was Clemente Biondetti with 4 wins, here with Ettore Salani on the last win with #624. Ferrari 166 MM Barchetta Touring 

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1000 Miglia most successful car was Alfa Romeo with 11 wins. On this historic capture the "Myth" Tazio Nuvolari & Decimo Compagnoni with #98. Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Spider Zagato on his last win at 1933. 

1000 Miglia 2018

1st Leg - Cervia Milano Marittima

"The History of 1000 Miglia"- is a description of the memorable incident that occurred on December 2, 1926, the day that has since been officially recognized as the birth of the Mille Miglia. Canestrini, tinged with a hint of ill-conceived irony, narrates how a group of Brescians arrived to his home in Milan on Via Bonaventura Cavalieri, which included Franco Mazzotti, Aymo Maggi, Renzo Castagnet, (the other three musketeers) and his friend, Flaminio Monti. The rest of the story is history, until Franco Mazzotti declares the words: "Mille Miglia Cup".

2nd Leg
3rd Leg
4th Leg
Brescia Starting
Rome
Trofeo Gaburri
Verifiche Tecniche

1st Overall Winners - Juan Tonconogy and Barbara Ruffini with #85. Alfa Romeo 6C 1500 GS Testa Fissa 1933

2nd place Overall - Giovanni Moceri and Daniele Bonetti with #30. Alfa Romeo 65 1500 SS 1928 

3rd place Overall - Brescia Andrea Vesco and Andrea Guerini with #39. Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 Zagato 1929

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